Human culture began somewhere near Mesopotamia.
Human culture began with one man and one woman.
Inferring from the fact that it began with an original couple, it is reasonable to conclude that there was one original language.
The ancestors of the Babylonians built a tower to their god Marduk. This tower was later rebuilt under the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II and was called the Etemenanki. In his words:
“The tower, the eternal house, which I founded and built. I have completed its magnificence with silver, gold, other metals, stone, enameled bricks, fir and pine. The first which is the house of the earth’s base, the most ancient monument of Babylon; I built and finished it. I have highly exalted its head with bricks covered with copper. We say for the other, that is, this edifice, the house of the seven lights of the earth the most ancient monument of Borsippa. A former king built it, but he did not complete its head. Since a remote time, people had abandoned it, without order expressing their words. Since that time the earthquake and the thunder had dispersed the sun-dried clay. The bricks of the casing had been split, and the earth of the interior had been scattered in heaps. Merodach, the great god, excited my mind to repair this building. I did not change the site nor did I take away the foundation. In a fortunate month, in an auspicious day, I undertook to build porticoes around the crude brick masses, and the casing of burnt bricks. I adapted the circuits, I put the inscription of my name in the Kitir of the portico. I set my hand to finish it. And to exalt its head. As it had been done in ancient days, so I exalted its summit.”
He built the tower at Borsippa (Bir Nimrud), a site near Chaldea and on the east bank of the Euphrates. Was Abram called out of a land nearby the Tower of Babel? It’s plausible. I have no idea yet. I would like to do more research.
While the Etemenanki was certainly not the Tower of Babel, it certainly could have been an attempt on Nebuchadnezzar’s part to rebuild it. The Tower of Babel is thoroughly historical, but I have no idea if historians – even people who have an agenda to affirm its historicity – have thought much about it and its connection to the Garden of Eden and Abram. Growing up, the stories always seemed disconnected. Why a garden? Why a tower? Why Abram?
Not only do I have a grand cultural gap to cross, I also have no clue here in 2014 America what the geography of that land looked/s like.
It makes sense, however, that the original language of the original couple and their children would be divided near their homeland.
I am asking these questions from a place of ignorance. I want to reverse that and see if there are any connections. I suspect – and it is quite obvious – that the Garden of Eden, the Tower of Abel, and the Call of Abram out of Chaldea, are inseparably tied to the geography and culture of Mesopotamia. The accounts in the Bible are an invaluable resource, but I have no doubt that evidence strongly exists in archaeology and extra-biblical sources.